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Civilian casualties : South Ossetia : 162, according to Russia; [23] at least 365, according to South Ossetia; [24] [25] 255 wounded, according to Russia [23] Georgia : 224 civilians killed and 15 missing, 547 injured [22] One foreign

Civilian casualties :
South Ossetia : 162, according to Russia; [23] at least 365, according to South Ossetia; [24] [25] 255 wounded, according to Russia [23]
Georgia : 224 civilians killed and 15 missing, 547 injured [22]
One foreign civilian killed and 3 wounded [26]

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia , Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia . [note 3] The war took place in August 2008 following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, both formerly constituent republics of the Soviet Union . The fighting took place in the strategically important Transcaucasia region. It was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century. [30]

In the 10th century AD, Georgia for the first time emerged as an ethnic concept in the territories where the Georgian language was used to perform Christian rituals. After the Mongol invasions of the region , the Kingdom of Georgia eventually was broken up into several kingdoms and principalities . In the 19th century, the Russian Empire gradually annexed the Georgian lands . In the aftermath of the Russian revolution , Georgia declared its independence on 26 May 1918. [44]

Civilian casualties :
South Ossetia : 162, according to Russia; [23] at least 365, according to South Ossetia; [24] [25] 255 wounded, according to Russia [23]
Georgia : 224 civilians killed and 15 missing, 547 injured [22]
One foreign civilian killed and 3 wounded [26]

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia , Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia . [note 3] The war took place in August 2008 following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, both formerly constituent republics of the Soviet Union . The fighting took place in the strategically important Transcaucasia region. It was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century. [30]

In the 10th century AD, Georgia for the first time emerged as an ethnic concept in the territories where the Georgian language was used to perform Christian rituals. After the Mongol invasions of the region , the Kingdom of Georgia eventually was broken up into several kingdoms and principalities . In the 19th century, the Russian Empire gradually annexed the Georgian lands . In the aftermath of the Russian revolution , Georgia declared its independence on 26 May 1918. [44]

The Republic of Ingushetia ( Russian : Респу́блика Ингуше́тия , Respublika Ingushetiya ; Ingush : ГӀалгӀай Мохк , Ğalğaj Moxk ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic ), located in the North Caucasus region with its capital at Magas . The republic is the smallest of Russia's federal subjects except two federal cities, Moscow and Saint Petersburg . It was established on June 4, 1992 after the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split in two. [ 10 ] Ingushetia is home to the indigenous Ingush , a people of Vainakh ancestry.

The name " Ingushetia " is derived from an ancient village of Ongusht (renamed in 1859 to Tarskaya and in 1944 transferred to North Ossetia ) and the Georgian ending -eti , all together meaning "(land) where the Ingush live".

Ingushetia is one of Russia's poorest and most restive regions. The ongoing military conflict in neighboring Chechnya has occasionally spilled into Ingushetia, and the republic has been destabilized by corruption, a number of high-profile crimes (including kidnapping and murder of civilians by government security forces [6] ), anti-government protests, attacks on soldiers and officers, Russian military excesses and a deteriorating human rights situation. [ 11 ] [ 12 ]

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Civilian casualties :
South Ossetia : 162, according to Russia; [23] at least 365, according to South Ossetia; [24] [25] 255 wounded, according to Russia [23]
Georgia : 224 civilians killed and 15 missing, 547 injured [22]
One foreign civilian killed and 3 wounded [26]

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia , Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia . [note 3] The war took place in August 2008 following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, both formerly constituent republics of the Soviet Union . The fighting took place in the strategically important Transcaucasia region. It was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century. [30]

In the 10th century AD, Georgia for the first time emerged as an ethnic concept in the territories where the Georgian language was used to perform Christian rituals. After the Mongol invasions of the region , the Kingdom of Georgia eventually was broken up into several kingdoms and principalities . In the 19th century, the Russian Empire gradually annexed the Georgian lands . In the aftermath of the Russian revolution , Georgia declared its independence on 26 May 1918. [44]

The Republic of Ingushetia ( Russian : Респу́блика Ингуше́тия , Respublika Ingushetiya ; Ingush : ГӀалгӀай Мохк , Ğalğaj Moxk ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic ), located in the North Caucasus region with its capital at Magas . The republic is the smallest of Russia's federal subjects except two federal cities, Moscow and Saint Petersburg . It was established on June 4, 1992 after the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split in two. [ 10 ] Ingushetia is home to the indigenous Ingush , a people of Vainakh ancestry.

The name " Ingushetia " is derived from an ancient village of Ongusht (renamed in 1859 to Tarskaya and in 1944 transferred to North Ossetia ) and the Georgian ending -eti , all together meaning "(land) where the Ingush live".

Ingushetia is one of Russia's poorest and most restive regions. The ongoing military conflict in neighboring Chechnya has occasionally spilled into Ingushetia, and the republic has been destabilized by corruption, a number of high-profile crimes (including kidnapping and murder of civilians by government security forces [6] ), anti-government protests, attacks on soldiers and officers, Russian military excesses and a deteriorating human rights situation. [ 11 ] [ 12 ]

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